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Kenya: Where Can You See Lions? : animated music video : MrWeebl

Completely cut off from Germany , von Lettow conducted an effective guerrilla warfare campaign, living off the land, capturing British supplies, and remaining undefeated.

He eventually surrendered in Northern Rhodesia today Zambia fourteen days after the Armistice was signed in To chase von Lettow, the British deployed the British Indian Army troops from India but needed large numbers of porters to overcome the formidable logistics of transporting supplies far into the interior on foot.

The Carrier Corps was formed and ultimately mobilised over , Africans, contributing to their long-term politicisation.

In , the East Africa Protectorate was turned into a colony and renamed Kenya after its highest mountain. During the early part of the 20th century, the interior central highlands were settled by British and other European farmers, who became wealthy farming coffee and tea.

By the s, approximately 30, white settlers lived in the area and gained a political voice because of their contribution to the market economy.

The central highlands were already home to over a million members of the Kikuyu people , most of whom had no land claims in European terms and lived as itinerant farmers.

To protect their interests, the settlers banned the growing of coffee, introduced a hut tax, and the landless were granted less and less land in exchange for their labour.

A massive exodus to the cities ensued as their ability to provide a living from the land dwindled. Kenya itself was the site of fighting between Allied forces and Italian troops in —41, when Italian forces invaded.

Wajir and Malindi were bombed as well. The young princess cut short her trip and returned home immediately to assume the throne.

She was crowned Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey in and as British hunter and conservationist Jim Corbett who accompanied the royal couple put it, she went up a tree in Africa a princess and came down a queen.

From October to December , Kenya was in a state of emergency arising from the Mau Mau rebellion against British rule.

The British began counter-insurgency operations. In May , General Sir George Erskine took charge as commander-in-chief of the colony's armed forces, with the personal backing of Winston Churchill.

The capture of Waruhiu Itote nom de guerre "General China" on 15 January and the subsequent interrogation led to a better understanding of the Mau Mau command structure for the British.

Operation Anvil opened on 24 April , after weeks of planning by the army with the approval of the War Council. The operation effectively placed Nairobi under military siege.

Nairobi's occupants were screened and the suspected Mau Mau supporters moved to detention camps. More than 80, members of the Kikuyu ethnic group were held in detention camps without trial, often subject to brutal treatment.

The capture of Dedan Kimathi on 21 October in Nyeri signified the ultimate defeat of the Mau Mau and essentially ended the military offensive.

The most important of these was the Swynnerton Plan , which was used to both reward loyalists and punish Mau Mau.

Before Kenya got its independence, Somali ethnic people in the present-day Kenya in the areas of Northern Frontier Districts petitioned Her Majesty's Government not to be included in Kenya.

The colonial government decided to hold Kenya's first referendum in to check the willingness of Somalis in Kenya to join Somalia [59].

The Colony of Kenya and the Protectorate of Kenya each came to an end on 12 December , with independence being conferred on all of Kenya. The United Kingdom ceded sovereignty over the Colony of Kenya.

The Sultan of Zanzibar agreed that simultaneous with independence for the colony, the sultan would cease to have sovereignty over the Protectorate of Kenya so that all of Kenya would become one sovereign state.

Exactly 12 months later on 12 December , Kenya became a republic under the name "Republic of Kenya". Concurrently, the Kenyan army fought the Shifta War against ethnic Somali rebels inhabiting the Northern Frontier District who wanted to join their kin in the Somali Republic to the north.

Kenyatta and his family were tied up with this corruption as they enriched themselves through the mass purchase of property after His family used his presidential position to circumvent legal or administrative obstacles to acquiring property.

The Kenyatta family also heavily invested in the coastal hotel business, with Kenyatta personally owning the Leonard Beach Hotel. Kenyatta ruled until his death on 22 August Following Kenyatta's death in , Daniel arap Moi became president.

He retained the presidency, running unopposed in elections held in , snap elections , and , all of which were held under the single-party constitution.

The elections were held a year early, and were a direct result of a failed military coup on 2 August The coup was masterminded by a low-ranking Air Force serviceman, Senior Private Hezekiah Ochuka , and was staged mainly by enlisted men of the Air Force.

It was quickly suppressed by forces commanded by Chief of General Staff Mahamoud Mohamed , a veteran Somali military official. On the heels of the Garissa Massacre of , Kenyan troops committed the Wagalla massacre in against thousands of civilians in Wajir County.

An official probe into the atrocities was later ordered in The election held in saw the advent of the mlolongo queuing system, where voters were supposed to line up behind their favoured candidates instead of casting a secret ballot.

Several contentious clauses, including the one that allowed for only one political party, were changed in the following years.

In , Kenya transitioned to a multiparty political system after 26 years of single-party rule. On 28 October , president Moi dissolved parliament, five months before the end of his term.

As a result, preparations began for all elective seats in parliament as well as the president. The elections were scheduled to take place on 7 December , but delays led to its postponement to 29 December the same year.

This election was marked by large-scale intimidation of opponents, as well as harassment of election officials. It resulted in an economic crisis propagated by ethnic violence as the president was accused of rigging electoral results to retain power.

Moi retained the presidency and George Saitoti became the vice-president. Although it held on to power, KANU won seats and lost 88 seats to the six opposition parties.

The elections of marked the beginning of multiparty politics after more than 25 years of rule by KANU. However, this party was plagued with disagreements.

In , Richard Leakey formed the Safina party, but it was denied registration until November Subsequently, Moi stood for re-election and won a 5th term in Beginning in , Moi attempted to influence the country's succession politics to have Uhuru Kenyatta elected in the upcoming elections.

David Anderson reports the elections were judged free and fair by local and international observers, and seemed to mark a turning point in Kenya's democratic evolution.

In , Kenyans rejected a plan to replace the independence constitution with a new one. Kibaki was re-elected in highly contested elections marred by political and ethnic violence.

The main opposition leader, Raila Odinga, claimed that the election results were rigged and that he was the rightfully elected president. In the ensuing violence, 1, people were killed and another , were internally displaced, making it the worst post-election violence in Kenya.

To stop the death and displacement of people, Kibaki and Odinga agreed to work together, with the latter taking the position of a prime minister.

Following the passage of the new constitution, Kenya became a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government , and of a multi-party system.

The new constitution also states that executive powers are exercised by the executive branch of government, headed by the president, who chairs the cabinet that is composed of people chosen from outside parliament.

Legislative power is vested exclusively in Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Mwai Kibaki became the first president to serve under this new constitution while Uhuru Kenyatta became the first president elected under this constitution.

In mid, two consecutive missed rainy seasons precipitated the worst drought in East Africa seen in 60 years. The northwestern Turkana region was especially affected, [87] with local schools shut down as a result.

Aid agencies subsequently shifted their emphasis to recovery initiatives, including digging irrigation canals and distributing plant seeds.

In , Kenya held its first general elections after the new constitution had been passed. Uhuru Kenyatta won in a disputed election result, leading to a petition by the opposition leader, Raila Odinga.

The supreme court upheld the election results and President Kenyatta began his term with William Ruto as the deputy president.

Despite the outcome of this ruling, the Supreme Court and the head of the Supreme Court were seen as powerful institutions that could carry out their role of checking the powers of the president.

In , Uhuru Kenyatta won a second term in office in another disputed election. Following the defeat, Raila Odinga again petitioned the results in the Supreme Court, accusing the electoral commission of mismanagement of the elections and Uhuru Kenyatta and his party of rigging.

The Supreme Court overturned the election results in what became a landmark ruling in Africa and one of the very few in the world in which the results of a presidential elections were annulled.

From the coast on the Indian Ocean, the low plains rise to central highlands. The highlands are bisected by the Great Rift Valley , with a fertile plateau lying to the east.

The Kenyan Highlands are one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa. Kenya's climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate inland to arid in the north and northeast parts of the country.

The area receives a great deal of sunshine every month. It is usually cool at night and early in the morning inland at higher elevations.

The rainfall is sometimes heavy and often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The temperature remains high throughout these months of tropical rain.

The hottest period is February and March, leading into the season of the long rains, and the coldest is in July, until mid-August.

Kenya has considerable land area devoted to wildlife habitats, including the Masai Mara , where blue wildebeest and other bovids participate in a large-scale annual migration.

More than 1 million wildebeest and , zebras participate in the migration across the Mara River. The "Big Five" game animals of Africa, that is the lion , leopard , buffalo , rhinoceros , and elephant , can be found in Kenya and in the Masai Mara in particular.

A significant population of other wild animals, reptiles, and birds can be found in the national parks and game reserves in the country.

The annual animal migration occurs between June and September, with millions of animals taking part, attracting valuable foreign tourism.

Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The president is both the head of state and head of government.

Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly and the Senate.

The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. There has been growing concern, especially during former president Daniel arap Moi's tenure, that the executive was increasingly meddling with the affairs of the judiciary.

Kenya has high levels of corruption according to Transparency International 's Corruption Perceptions Index CPI , a metric which attempts to gauge the prevalence of public-sector corruption in various countries.

In , the nation placed th out of countries in the index, with a score of 28 out of Following general elections held in , the Constitution of Kenya Review Act, designed to pave the way for more comprehensive amendments to the Kenyan constitution, was passed by the national parliament.

In December , Kenya held democratic and open elections, which were judged free and fair by most international observers. Under the presidency of Mwai Kibaki , the new ruling coalition promised to focus its efforts on generating economic growth, combating corruption, improving education, and rewriting its constitution.

A few of these promises have been met. There is free primary education. Under the new constitution and with President Kibaki prohibited by term limits from running for a third term, Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta ran for office.

He won with In December , President Uhuru Kenyatta signed a Security Laws Amendment Bill, which supporters of the law suggested was necessary to guard against armed groups.

Opposition politicians, human rights groups, and nine Western countries criticised the security bill, arguing that it infringed on democratic freedoms.

The governments of the United States , the United Kingdom , Germany , and France also collectively issued a press statement cautioning about the law's potential impact.

Through the Jubilee Coalition, the Bill was later passed on 19 December in the National Assembly under acrimonious circumstances. Kenya has close ties with its fellow Swahili -speaking neighbours in the African Great Lakes region.

Relations with Uganda and Tanzania are generally strong, as the three nations work toward economic and social integration through common membership in the East African Community.

Relations with Somalia have historically been tense, although there has been some military co-ordination against Islamist insurgents.

Kenya has good relations with the United Kingdom. With International Criminal Court trial dates scheduled in for both President Kenyatta and Deputy President William Ruto related to the election aftermath, US president Barack Obama chose not to visit the country during his mid African trip.

The armed forces are regularly deployed in peacekeeping missions around the world. Further, in the aftermath of the national elections of December and the violence that subsequently engulfed the country, a commission of inquiry, the Waki Commission , commended its readiness and adjudged it to "have performed its duty well.

Kenya's armed forces, like many government institutions in the country, have been tainted by corruption allegations. Because the operations of the armed forces have been traditionally cloaked by the ubiquitous blanket of "state security", the corruption has been hidden from public view, and thus less subject to public scrutiny and notoriety.

This has changed recently. In what are by Kenyan standards unprecedented revelations, in , credible claims of corruption were made with regard to recruitment [] and procurement of armoured personnel carriers.

Kenya is divided into 47 semi-autonomous counties that are headed by governors. These 47 counties form the first-order divisions of Kenya.

The smallest administrative units in Kenya are called locations. Locations often coincide with electoral wards.

Many larger towns consist of several locations. Each location has a chief, appointed by the state. Constituencies are an electoral subdivision, with each county comprising a whole number of constituencies.

An interim boundaries commission was formed in to review the constituencies and in its report, it recommended the creation of an additional 80 constituencies.

Previous to the elections, there were constituencies in Kenya. Homosexual acts are illegal in Kenya and punishable by up to 14 years in prison, though the state often turns a blind eye to prosecuting gay people.

But there are some things that we must admit we don't share. Our culture, our societies don't accept. In November , WikiLeaks brought wide international attention [] to The Cry of Blood report, which documents the extrajudicial killing of gangsters by the Kenyan police.

In the report, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights KNCHR reported these in their key finding "e ", stating that the forced disappearances and extrajudicial killings appeared to be official policy sanctioned by the political leadership and the police.

Kenya's macroeconomic outlook has steadily posted robust growth over the past few decades, mostly from road and rail infrastructure projects.

However, much of this growth has come from cash flows diverted from ordinary Kenyan pockets at the microeconomic level through targeted monetary and fiscal measures coupled with poor management, corruption , massive theft of public funds, overlegislation , and an ineffective judiciary , resulting in diminished incomes in ordinary households and small businesses , unemployment , underemployment , and general discontent across multiple sectors.

In , the country's macroeconomic indicators were re-based, causing the GDP to shift upwards to low-middle-income country status.

As of [update] , Kenya is usually classified as a frontier market or occasionally an emerging market , but it is not one of the least developed countries.

The economy has seen much expansion, seen by strong performance in tourism, higher education, and telecommunications , and decent post-drought results in agriculture, especially the vital tea sector.

A small portion of the population relies on food aid. Privatisation of state corporations like the defunct Kenya Post and Telecommunications Company, which resulted in East Africa's most profitable company— Safaricom , has led to their revival because of massive private investment.

The World Bank estimated growth of 4. The EAC's objectives include harmonising tariffs and customs regimes, free movement of people, and improving regional infrastructures.

Kenya has a more developed financial services sector than its neighbours. As of late July , the system consisted of 43 commercial banks down from 48 in and several non-bank financial institutions including mortgage companies, four savings and loan associations, and several core foreign-exchange bureaus.

Tourism in Kenya is the second-largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture. Other attractions include the wildebeest migration at the Masaai Mara , which is considered to be the 7th wonder of the world; historical mosques, and colonial-era forts at Mombasa , Malindi , and Lamu ; renowned scenery such as the white-capped Mount Kenya and the Great Rift Valley ; tea plantations at Kericho ; coffee plantations at Thika ; a splendid view of Mount Kilimanjaro across the border into Tanzania ; [] and the beaches along the Swahili Coast , in the Indian Ocean.

Agriculture is the second largest contributor to Kenya's gross domestic product GDP after the service sector. The principal cash crops are tea, horticultural produce, and coffee.

Horticultural produce and tea are the main growth sectors and the two most valuable of all of Kenya's exports. The production of major food staples such as corn is subject to sharp weather-related fluctuations.

Production downturns periodically necessitate food aid—for example in , due to one of Kenya's intermittent droughts. Successive projects encouraged the commercialisation of legumes by stimulating the growth of local seed production and agro-dealer networks for distribution and marketing.

The commercialisation of the pigeon pea is now enabling some farmers to buy assets ranging from mobile phones to productive land and livestock, and is opening pathways for them to move out of poverty.

Tea, coffee, sisal, pyrethrum, corn, and wheat are grown in the fertile highlands, one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa.

Coconuts , pineapples , cashew nuts , cotton, sugarcane , sisal , and corn are grown in the lower-lying areas. The smallholder schemes are owned, developed, and managed by individuals or groups of farmers operating as water users or self-help groups.

Irrigation is carried out on individual or on group farms averaging 0. There are about 3, smallholder irrigation schemes covering a total area of 47, ha.

The country has seven large, centrally managed irrigation schemes, namely Mwea, Bura , Hola , Perkera , West Kano, Bunyala, and Ahero , covering a total area of 18, ha and averaging 2, ha per scheme.

They utilise high technology and produce high-value crops for the export market, especially flowers and vegetables. Kenya is the world's 3rd largest exporter of cut flowers.

Kenya also has a cement production industry. In addition, a substantial and expanding informal sector commonly referred to as jua kali engages in small-scale manufacturing of household goods, auto parts, and farm implements.

The country has an extensive network of paved and unpaved roads. Kenya's railway system links the nation's ports and major cities, connecting it with neighbouring Uganda.

There are 15 airports which have paved runways. The largest share of Kenya's electricity supply comes from geothermal energy, [] followed by hydroelectric stations at dams along the upper Tana River , as well as the Turkwel Gorge Dam in the west.

A petroleum-fired plant on the coast, geothermal facilities at Olkaria near Nairobi , and electricity imported from Uganda make up the rest of the supply.

A 2, MW powerline from Ethiopia is nearing completion. Kenya's installed capacity increased from 1, megawatts between and to 2, in Shortfalls of electricity occur periodically, when drought reduces water flow.

To become energy sufficient, Kenya has installed wind power and solar power over MW each , and aims to build a nuclear power plant by Kenya has proven deposits of oil in Turkana.

Tullow Oil estimates the country's oil reserves to be around one billion barrels. Kenya currently imports all crude petroleum requirements.

The country has no strategic reserves and relies solely on oil marketers' day oil reserves required under industry regulations. Kenyatta was "[a]ccompanied by 60 Kenyan business people [and hoped to] Base Titanium, a subsidiary of Base resources of Australia, shipped its first major consignment of minerals to China.

About 25, tonnes of ilmenite was flagged off the Kenyan coastal town of Kilifi. The first shipment was expected to earn Kenya about KSh15—20 billion in earnings.

In , the Kenyan government unveiled Vision , an economic development programme it hopes will put the country in the same league as the Asian Economic Tigers by the year In , it launched a National Climate Change Action Plan, having acknowledged that omitting climate as a key development issue in Vision was an oversight failure.

At the launch in March , the Secretary of the Ministry of Planning, National Development, and Vision emphasised that climate would be a central issue in the renewed Medium-Term Plan that would be launched in the coming months.

This would create a direct and robust delivery framework for the Action Plan and ensure climate change is treated as an economy-wide issue.

Kenya has proven oil deposits in Turkana County. President Mwai Kibaki announced on 26 March that Tullow Oil , an Anglo-Irish oil exploration firm, had struck oil, but its commercial viability and subsequent production would take about three years to confirm.

Early in , Chinese president Hu Jintao signed an oil exploration contract with Kenya, part of a series of deals designed to keep Africa's natural resources flowing to China's rapidly expanding economy.

The deal allowed for China's state-controlled offshore oil and gas company, CNOOC , to prospect for oil in Kenya, which is just beginning to drill its first exploratory wells on the borders of Sudan and the disputed area of North Eastern Province , on the border with Somalia and in coastal waters.

There are formal estimates of the possible reserves of oil discovered. Child labour is common in Kenya.

Most working children are active in agriculture. Most of the prostitutes in Kenya are aged 9— Additionally, there are:. Out of approximately 40 million Kenyans , about 14 million are not able to receive financial service through formal loan application services, and an additional 12 million have no access to financial service institutions at all.

Further, 1 million Kenyans are reliant on informal groups for receiving financial aid. Kenya had a population of approximately 48 million people in January Kenya's capital, Nairobi, is home to Kibera , one of the world's largest slums.

The shantytown is believed to house between , [] and 1 million people. Kenya has a diverse population that includes many of the major ethnoracial and linguistic groups found in Africa.

The largest native ethnic groups were the Kikuyu 8,, , Luhya 6,, , Kalenjin 6,, , Luo 5,, , Kamba 4,, , Somalis 2,, , Kisii 2,, , Mijikenda 2,, , Meru 1,, , Maasai 1,, , and Turkana 1,, Kenya's various ethnic groups typically speak their mother tongues within their own communities.

The two official languages , English and Swahili , are used in varying degrees of fluency for communication with other populations.

English is widely spoken in commerce, schooling, and government. British English is primarily used in Kenya. Additionally, a distinct local dialect, Kenyan English , is used by some communities and individuals in the country, and contains features unique to it that were derived from local Bantu languages such as Kiswahili and Kikuyu.

Sheng is a Kiswahili-based cant spoken in some urban areas. Primarily consisting of a mixture of Kiswahili and English, it is an example of linguistic code-switching.

There are a total of 69 languages spoken in Kenya. Most belong to two broad language families: Niger-Congo Bantu branch and Nilo-Saharan Nilotic branch , spoken by the country's Bantu and Nilotic populations respectively.

The Cushitic and Arab ethnic minorities speak languages belonging to the separate Afroasiatic family, with the Indian and European residents speaking languages from the Indo-European family.

The majority of Kenyans are Christian Orthodox Christianity counts , adherents. Islam is the second largest religion , comprising Nonreligious Kenyans make up 1.

There are Hindus living in Kenya. The numbers are estimated to be around 60, people or 0. Private health facilities are diverse, highly dynamic, and difficult to classify, unlike public health facilities, which are easily grouped in classes that consist of community-based level I services, run by community health workers; dispensaries level II facilities run by nurses ; health centers level III facilities , run by clinical officers ; sub-county hospitals level IV facilities , which may be run by a clinical officer or a medical officer ; county hospitals level V facilities , which may be run by a medical officer or a medical practitioner ; and national referral hospitals level VI facilities , which are run by fully qualified medical practitioners.

Nurses are by far the largest group of front-line health care providers in all sectors, followed by clinical officers , medical officers , and medical practitioners.

According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics , in there were 65, qualified nurses registered in the country, 8, clinical officers, and 7, doctors, for the population of 43 million people these figures from official registers include those who have died or left the profession, hence the actual number of these workers may be lower.

Traditional healers herbalists , witch doctors , and faith healers are readily available, trusted, and widely consulted as practitioners of first or last choice by both rural and urban dwellers.

Despite major achievements in the health sector, Kenya still faces many challenges. The estimated life expectancy dropped in to approximately 55 years — five years below the level.

Diseases of poverty directly correlate with a country's economic performance and wealth distribution : Half of Kenyans live below the poverty level.

The total fertility rate in Kenya was estimated to be 4. By colonial land alienation, women lost access and control of land. Children attend nursery school, or kindergarten in the private sector until they are five years old.

This lasts one to three years KG1, KG2 and KG3 and is financed privately because there has been no government policy on pre-schooling until recently.

Basic formal education starts at age six and lasts 12 years, consisting of eight years in primary school and four in high school or secondary. Those who complete high school can join a polytechnic or other technical college and study for three years, or proceed directly to university and study for four years.

Graduates from the polytechnics and colleges can then join the workforce and later obtain a specialised higher diploma qualification after a further one to two years of training, or join the university—usually in the second or third year of their respective course.

The higher diploma is accepted by many employers in place of a bachelor's degree and direct or accelerated admission to post-graduate studies is possible in some universities.

Public universities in Kenya are highly commercialised institutions and only a small fraction of qualified high school graduates are admitted on limited government-sponsorship into programs of their choice.

Most are admitted into the social sciences, which are cheap to run, or as self-sponsored students paying the full cost of their studies.

Most qualified students who miss out opt for middle-level diploma programs in public or private universities, colleges, and polytechnics.

Preschool, which targets children from age three to five, is an integral component of the education system and is a key requirement for admission to Standard One First Grade.

At the end of primary education, pupils sit the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education KCPE , which determines those who proceed to secondary school or vocational training.

The result of this examination is needed for placement at secondary school. Students sit examinations in eight subjects of their choosing.

However, English, Kiswahili, and mathematics are compulsory subjects. Other than the public schools, there are many private schools, mainly in urban areas.

Similarly, there are a number of international schools catering to various overseas educational systems. Despite its impressive commercial approach and interests in the country, Kenya's academia and higher education system is notoriously rigid and disconnected from the needs of the local labour market and is widely blamed for the high number of unemployable and "half-baked" university graduates who struggle to fit in the modern workplace.

The culture of Kenya consists of multiple traditions. Kenya has no single prominent culture that identifies it. It instead consists of the various cultures of the country's different communities.

Notable populations include the Swahili on the coast, several other Bantu communities in the central and western regions, and Nilotic communities in the northwest.

The Maasai culture is well known to tourism, despite constituting a relatively small part of Kenya's population. They are renowned for their elaborate upper-body adornment and jewellery.

Kenya has a number of media outlets that broadcast domestically and globally. They cover news, business, sports, and entertainment.

Popular Kenyan newspapers include:. The story details the effects of the Mau Mau on the lives of Kenyans. Its combination of themes— colonialism , education, and love—helped to make it one of the best-known novels in Africa.

It is the fictional memoir of a Kenyan of Indian heritage and his family as they adjust to the changing political climates in colonial and post-colonial Kenya.

Since , the literary journal Kwani? Kenya has a diverse assortment of popular music forms, in addition to multiple types of folk music based on the variety of over 40 regional languages.

Drums are the most dominant instrument in popular Kenyan music. Drum beats are very complex and include both native rhythms and imported ones, especially the Congolese cavacha rhythm.

Popular Kenyan music usually involves the interplay of multiple parts, and more recently, showy guitar solos as well.

There are also a number of local hip-hop artists, including Jua Cali ; Afro-pop bands such as Sauti Sol ; and musicians who play local genres like Benga, such as Akothee.

Lyrics are most often in Kiswahili or English. There is also some emerging aspect of Lingala borrowed from Congolese musicians. Lyrics are also written in local languages.

Urban radio generally only plays English music, though there also exist a number of vernacular radio stations. Zilizopendwa is a genre of local urban music that was recorded in the s, 70s, and 80s by musicians such as Daudi Kabaka , Fadhili William , and Sukuma Bin Ongaro, and is particularly enjoyed by older people—having been popularised by the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation's Kiswahili service formerly called Voice of Kenya or VOK.

The Isukuti is a vigorous dance performed by the Luhya sub-tribes to the beat of a traditional drum called the Isukuti during many occasions such as the birth of a child, marriage, or funeral.

Additionally, Kenya has a growing Christian gospel music scene. Prominent local gospel musicians include the Kenyan Boys Choir. Benga music has been popular since the late s, especially in the area around Lake Victoria.

The word benga is occasionally used to refer to any kind of pop music. Bass, guitar, and percussion are the usual instruments. Kenya is active in several sports, among them cricket , rallying , football , rugby , field hockey , and boxing.

Kenyan athletes particularly Kalenjin , continue to dominate the world of distance running, although competition from Morocco and Ethiopia has reduced this supremacy.

Kenya's best-known athletes include the four-time women's Boston Marathon winner and two-time world champion Catherine Ndereba , m world record holder David Rudisha , former marathon world record-holder Paul Tergat , and John Ngugi.

Kenya won several medals during the Beijing Olympics: six gold, four silver, and four bronze, making it Africa's most successful nation in the Olympics.

New athletes gained attention, such as Pamela Jelimo , the women's m gold medalist who went on to win the IAAF Golden League jackpot, and Samuel Wanjiru , who won the men's marathon.

Retired Olympic and Commonwealth Games champion Kipchoge Keino helped usher in Kenya's ongoing distance dynasty in the s and was followed by Commonwealth Champion Henry Rono 's spectacular string of world record performances.

Lately, there has been controversy in Kenyan athletics circles, with the defection of a number of Kenyan athletes to represent other countries, chiefly Bahrain and Qatar.

Kenya has been a dominant force in women's volleyball within Africa, with both the clubs and the national team winning various continental championships in the past decade.

Cricket is another popular sport, also ranking as the most successful team sport. Kenya has competed in the Cricket World Cup since They upset some of the world's best teams and reached the semi-finals of the tournament.

Their current captain is Rakep Patel. Kenya is represented by Lucas Onyango as a professional rugby league player who plays with the English club Oldham.

However, its dominance has been eroded by wrangles within the now defunct Kenya Football Federation , [] leading to a suspension by FIFA which was lifted in March In the motor rallying arena, Kenya is home to the world-famous Safari Rally , commonly acknowledged as one of the toughest rallies in the world.

Although the rally still runs annually as part of the Africa rally championship, the organisers are hoping to be allowed to rejoin the World Rally championship in the next couple of years.

Nairobi has hosted several major continental sports events, including the FIBA Africa Championship , where Kenya's national basketball team finished in the top four, its best performance to date.

Kenyans generally have three meals in a day—breakfast kiamsha kinywa , lunch chakula cha mchana , and supper chakula cha jioni or simply chajio.

Breakfast is usually tea or porridge with bread, chapati , mahamri , boiled sweet potatoes, or yams. Githeri is a common lunchtime dish in many households, while Ugali with vegetables, sour milk mursik , meat, fish, or any other stew is generally eaten by much of the population for lunch or supper.

Regional variations and dishes also exist. In western Kenya, among the Luo , fish is a common dish; among the Kalenjin , who dominate much of the Rift Valley Region, mursik—sour milk—is a common drink.

Cheese is becoming more popular in Kenya, with consumption increasing particularly among the middle class.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Equatorial country in East Africa. For other uses, see Kenya disambiguation.

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June Jamhuri ya Kenya Swahili. Show globe. Show map of Africa. English Swahili [1]. Main article: History of Kenya. Created in June , it became popular when noticed by MTV who broadcast short episodes on its cable channel.

The series revolves around two egg-like creatures called Weebl and Bob, who are best friends. They speak in a heavily mumbled manner almost indecipherable to the watcher; however, their speech is also shown in speech bubbles.

The stories mainly concern the duo's many failed attempts to get around the characters simply staying on the spot and conversing, but often twists are added to the episodes, such as the parody of a-ha 's Take on Me music video in the episode "Paper".

Beginning in , this series of animations is the second most popular on the site, after Weebl and Bob.

So far, twenty-three episodes have been produced, featuring the exploits of the Toast King and Insanity Prawn Boy, who both live on the Moon.

Badgers or Badger Badger Badger was released on 2 September It consists of images of badgers doing calisthenics , a toadstool in front of a tree, and a snake in the desert.

The cartoon loops indefinitely. The first two badger scenes contain twelve badgers; subsequent badger scenes contain eleven badgers.

It has inspired numerous follow-ups and spoofs. Cat Face is somewhat unusual, because it tells a continuous story over thirty episodes so far.

It's written by Weebl's wife, Sarah Darling. The first 7 episodes are animated by Weebl whilst episodes 8 and onwards were mostly animated by Ben Smallman, aka Wonchop, though Weebl is still credited for the art.

The chief character is a white cat that has a very large head and continuously levitates. His tiny body dangles beneath his enormous head at all times, and sways gently.

Cat Face speaks with a French accent. Cat Face's attitude is dry, direct, cynical and freely critical, linked stereotypically with his accent.

Cat Face lives in a house with Box Cat, who dwells in a cardboard box and communicates in meowing that only Cat Face can understand. Cat Face also lives with a little old lady whom he took back to his home after she petted him.

At the beginning and end of each episode we hear from a narrator , who provides the context of each episode and also concludes each part by saying "Silly Cat Face!

After this, Cat Face re-appears on screen to offer a brief moral lesson for any 'kids' who may be watching. Children are sometimes seen waving and cheering at Cat Face, despite him chiding and ordering them to go to school.

This suggests that the Cat Face series is a satire of children's television. In the Prawn to be Wild game series found on the website, Cat Face appears in parts 5 and 6.

At the end of part 5, he captures the protagonist, Insanity Prawn Boy, and imprisons him in the same room as the rest of his 'special things'.

In part 6, the player must find a way to escape from Cat Face's house. Magical Trevor is a series of short musical Flash cartoons created by Jonti Picking.

These cartoons are showcased on the Weebl's stuff website. As of October , Magical Trevor had been viewed approximately 11 million times on the official website.

Since the Magical Trevor theme and artwork is used in Yell Group advertisements. Trevor himself features in one scene. On April 24th , Magical Trevor 5 was released.

Kenya is a series of animations based on the different countries of the world. They all follow a tune and are on a continuous loop.

The first toon, "Kenya", has become one of the most popular toons on Weebl's Stuff. The movie features an upbeat song comparing Kenya favorably to Norway as a tourist destination, pointing out various attractions that are available "only in Kenya".

The cartoon begins with a lion with no visible mouth in front of a multi-colored ground. The lion dances in an odd manner by swinging his bulbous spherical 'arms' and alternating the feet he is standing on.

The words "Only Available in Kenya" flash briefly above the lion. The scene pans to the left to reveal a tiger in the same foreground, who unlike the preceding lion, has whiskers and a mouth but lacks the lion's mane tigers are native to Asia.

The tiger dances in the same way as the lion and shares a common orange color with him. After a few moments, the scene zooms out, showing both lion and tiger in the same shot.

The scene quickly switches to a small, red map of Norway, with text on the side stating that Norway's population is crab , that it has no tigers or lions, and that its main export is tree Norway's actual primary export is petroleum.

It also claims that Norway should be called Snoreway. A new map replaces it shortly afterward, showing the African continent with certain countries colored in and a protruding Kenya.

The 3D Kenya moves up and down with the music as an orange dotted line extending from it shows, according to text at the side, the line to ensure the best coverage if Kenya were to urinate all over Norway physically, as well as metaphorically however, as noted, this is a rare occurrence.

The tiger is then shown dancing on a giraffe as the lion, apparently unsuccessfully trying to eat the giraffe, is clamped onto the giraffe's leg with his teeth.

The lion and tiger then dance in place, each holding a knife and fork, over an apparently dead zebra while the words "Hurry!

Only available while stocks last! Then a multicolored map of Kenya shows a few facts about the country and a tiger and two lions dance on the map.

The next scene shows three people, two of whom play vuvuzelas and one waving his arms in glee, leaning out of the windows of a bus labeled "Holy crap.

The cartoon ends with the words "Kenya Believe it! Free snorkel with every visit" on a red background. As of October , Kenya has been viewed 10 million times on the Weebls Stuff website, more than any other Weebls toon.

A Christmas themed version, called Lapland , shows Santa Claus and a snowflake in place of the lion and the tiger, and is set in Lapland.

As one cannot make a humorous pun out of the word Lapland as one can with Kenya , the singer notes that there is "not much to do there, but still better than Norway" in the place of "Kenya Believe it".

Despite this, the cartoon notes that Lapland is itself a better tourist destination than Norway. In fact, parts of Lapland are in Norway.

It also overlaps with Sweden , Finland and Russia. The map the cartoon uses for Lapland is of the Kola Peninsula while the statistics for Lapland are for the Finnish province of Lappi.

In one part of this cartoon it is also stated "If you wanted to open a strip club , Lapland would be a possible name".